Badminton Backhand

Badminton Backhand

Badminton Backhand

Badminton Backhand

All the basic shots (clear, smash, drop, drive and serve) can be played as backhands, both in defensive play and play at the net. The backhand is always the second best option from the back boundary line (as an overhand shot), and the forehand should be played whenever possible (left-of-head shot). The backhand has less precision and power, although the backhand clear, smash and drop are among the most technically demanding shots in badminton. The backhand can be very effective in the front of the court as a defensive shot, when the player is standing either in the center of the court or lunges to the net. The backhand technique can be understood with the aid of the photos and descriptions below.

Badminton Backhand

Badminton Backhand

In the second phase, the player steps into the shot with his bodyweight over his right foot. In extreme cases, the player may lunge in order to reach the shuttle. The foot is almost diagonal to the sidelines and the upper body is parallel to the back boundary line.

In the third phase, the player is behind the shuttle, which should be hit as high as possible. The player can press the thumb of the hitting hand onto the racket handle for extra power. The shot can be played as a clear, drop or smash.

In the fourth phase, the player jumps off the right leg and goes straight into the center of the court, keeping his eye on his opponent.

In the backhand from the back boundary line . . .

  • the player starts from the ready position and takes several steps into the backhand corner.

  • the player should keep his eye on both the shuttle and his opponent for as long as possible.

  • the player’s body turns through at least 90°.

  • the last step before the shuttlecock is hit is a lunge with the right leg.

  • the right knee is slightly bent when the shuttle is hit.

  • the right foot points toward the sidelines.

  • the right shoulder points toward the right net post.

  • the racket is drawn back from below in preparation to hit the shuttle, the hitting arm elbow moves toward the net.

  • as the shot is played, the upper arm provides momentum and the forearm twists.

  •   the grip position is slightly different to the universal grip and is turned slightly

Badminton Backhand

inward (i.e. inside of the hand to the right).

  • the shuttle is hit at the highest point near the body (backhand-overhand shot) and in the clear (Fig. 59 #1) is hit to the opponent’s back boundary line.

  • increase acceleration by placing the thumb behind the handle.

  • in the drop (Fig. 59 #2), the hitting arm slows down shortly before the shot is


  • in the smash, there is a full forearm twist and the shuttle is forced down with full acceleration.

    In the defensive backhand from the center of the court . . .

  • the player stands about 1 yard behind the center line.

  • the player stands with the knees slightly bent and the feet shoulder-width apart.

  • the racket is held in front of the body pointing downward.

  • the thumb is pressed against the handle for extra acceleration.

  • there is a small backswing.

  • acceleration is achieved by twisting the forearm.

The backhand at the net . . .

  • enables the left front part of the court to be covered.

  • can be played as a short shot, clear or flick.

  • From the ready position, the player takes a step to the left, the right foot stays where it is to enable the player to move backward again as soon as possible.

  • Ideally, the shuttle should be hit with an almost straight arm at net-height.

  • The axis of the racket head is parallel to the top of the net and hits the shuttle at a slight angle to the net.

Drill 1: Alternating backhand dropshot: Two players hit to each other from the backhand corner, so that the other player can hit a dropshot. Player A starts with a high serve, player B plays a dropshot. Player A then responds with a short dropshot so that player B can return this deep into player A’s backhand corner.

Drill 2: Backhand dropshot variants: The player plays each shot as a backhand dropshot, hitting both down the line and cross-court. The opponent always returns the shuttle to the player’s backhand corner. For increased difficulty, the opponent occasionally surprises the player with a dropshot.

Drill 3: Backhand clear duel: Two players play competitive rallies with backhand clears down the line. The shuttle must land in a pre-determined area at the back of the court, ideally between the two service lines. If one of the player’s shots falls short, the partner does not have to return it and he wins a point.

Drill 4: Against the wall: The coach stands in front of a wall and throws or hits shuttlecocks to the player in quick succession. The shuttles should reach the corner left of the player’s head so that he can hit the shuttles with a backhand against the wall.

Drill 5: Into the center: The player hits a dropshot down the line, which the opponent returns with a dropshot. The opponent then returns the shuttlecock to the player’s backhand corner. The player must always pass through the center of the court as he runs to and from the net. A box can be placed near the center that must be tapped with the racket each time.

Other related blogs

Badminton Dropshot

Badminton Smash

Badminton Drive

Author: Charles Yin

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