Badminton Hitting Areas

Badminton Hitting Areas

The hitting areas in which the player can reach the shuttle most easily can be roughly divided into the forehand and backhand. This division is determined by the location of the hitting hand when it hits the shuttle. About 75 % of a player’s range is in the forehand area and about 50 % is in the backhand area. There is an overlap for about 25 % of the range. The overlapping areas are situated underneath the body (underhand area) and round the head.

Badminton Hitting Areas

In these overlapping areas, the player must
decide whether to play a forehand or
backhand. In the round the head section, the forehand is recommended as the shuttle can then be hit harder and there is no danger (as in the case of the backhand) of the player turning his back to the net thereby taking his eyes off his opponent. However, in the overlapping area between the player’s legs and in front of the body, it is advisable to play a backhand, as this guarantees better control of the shuttle. It is difficult to play a forehand smoothly in this area.

As well as the distinction between forehand and backhand, badminton players also distinguish (depending on the position of the hitting hand during the stroke) between sidehand/lateral, underhand, overhand and overhead, which refer to shuttles hit at the side of the body, at knee/foot level, shoulder level or over the head respectively. Players should learn the terms for the hitting areas in order to understand the coach’s instructions. All areas can be practiced in training.

Badminton Hitting Areas

In the forehand . . .

  • the shuttle is hit with the front of the racket, it is almost an extension of the palm of the hand.

  • the largest hitting area is to the right of the body, but it can also be played in front of the body or to the left of it.

  • the player is basically able to hit the shuttle harder than with a backhand.

  • the player usually stands facing the net.

  • the player has eye contact with his opponent at all times and can play serves, clears, smashes, drops and net strokes.

In the backhand . . .

  • the shuttle is hit with the back of the racket, like the extension of the back of the hand.

  • the largest playing area is to the left of the body, but in defensive play can also be in front or even to the right of the body.

  • the player turns backwards momentarily.

  • the player briefly loses sight of his opponent.

  • it is usually not possible to hit the shuttle as hard as a forehand.

  • serves, clears, smashes and drops can be played.

Tip: The forehand should be preferred over the backhand where possible; a forehand is always better than a less powerful backhand.

The sidehand . . .

  • The shuttlecock is hit above hip-height and below shoulder-height;

  • Can be either a forehand or backhand stroke and

  • Can be played as a drop, clear, net shot and drive/swip.

    The underhand . . .

  • The shuttlecock is hit below hip-height;

  • Can be either a forehand or backhand stroke and

  • Can be played as a serve, net shot, clear and drop.

    The overhand . . .

  • The shuttlecock is hit above shoulder-height;

  • Can be either a forehand or backhand stroke;

  • Can be played as a smash, drop and clear and

  • The round the head stroke is a peculiarity in that it is a forehand stroke played from the backhand corner.

Drill 1: Sidehand rally: One player hits the shuttlecock flat over the net in the sidehand area, hitting it directly to the passer’s backhand corner. This continues for 5 minutes. The shuttlecock is then hit flat cross-court so that both player and passer play sidehands with the forehand. Finally, the player plays variably to the passer’s forehand and backhand sides. To increase the level of difficulty, both players can hit the sidehand flat and variably to the other’s forehand or backhand.

Drill 2: Escaping from the back corner: the coach hits the shuttlecock into the right rear corner. The player alternates between playing a dropshot with the backhand and forehand (round the head). This drill allows the player to discover how best to extricate himself from this situation.

Other related blogs

Badminton Clothing

Types of badminton Grip

Badminton Ready Position

Author: Charles Yin

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