Badminton Smash

Badminton smash

Badminton Smash

The smash (in Fig. 45 #4) is the most powerful stroke in badminton, and top players reach speeds of up to 205 mph. An attacking game with many smashes requires excellent physical conditioning. The aim of the shot is mostly to score a direct point. It is composed of a backswing, hit and follow-through. The jump smash is particularly demanding, and by jumping the player increases the angle with which the shuttlecock flies into the opponent’s court. The stroke sequence can be understood by referring to the photos and descriptions below.

Badminton smash

In the first phase, the player shifts his bodyweight from the left to the right foot, as for the clear. The player watches the shuttlecock and uses his left hand to aim then draws his racket back to hit the shuttlecock.

In the second phase, the weight is on the right foot. The upper body is turned parallel to the sidelines. The right arm is raised in order to hit the shuttlecock.

In the third phase, the upper body turns as the shuttlecock is hit so that it ends up parallel to the back boundary line.

In the fourth phase, the weight shifts again onto the left leg, with which the player pushes forward off the ground. The player moves straight back to the center of the court.


  • The movement sequence is broadly similar to that of the clear, but the smash requires more power and speed.

  • The shot can be performed overhead or underhand.

  • The player lunges backward with a sideways movement, the body moves


  • During the lunging phase, the bodyweight lies over the right foot, which stays at the back.

  • The right knee is bent and straightened again as the shot is played, alternatively it is played from the plant (step).

  • The player jumps up high.

  • The right elbow is pulled back, the left hand points up at the shuttlecock for

    balance and aim.

  • The right hip and right shoulder are turned explosively forward during the hitting phase.

  • The body is tensed during the jump, like a tensed bow.

  • This body tension is finally dissipated with a fast, powerful hitting action.

  • The right forearm turns inward, then the wrist is flexed.

  • The shuttle is hit at its highest point in front of the body.

  • The player lands on the ground with the left foot, with which he can immediately start to move forward.

  • As the shuttle is hit, the arm is pulled right down.

  • The shuttle should land as near to the front of the opponent’s court as possible.

  • The shuttle should be hit as high as possible in order to have a good angle to the net.

Drill 1: Alternate smash: Player A hits a high shot to player B, who responds with a smash. Player A then tries to play a short defensive shot so that that B can respond with another high shot and then it’s A’s turn to smash.

Drill 2: Scissor jump smash: After a high serve from his opponent, the player hits a smash with a scissors jump, the opponent responds with a short dropshot which the player returns with another net shot, the opponent can now play a high return so that the player has to run to the back of the court and can play a jump smash.

Drill 3: Shuttle machine: The coach hits shuttles to the player right out wide into the backhand corner, which the player must smash with a round-the-head smash.

Drill 4: Half-court game: Two players play for points on half the court, but points can only be won by smashing, all other shots are just part of the rally.

Drill 5: Forehand smash: The opponent hits the shuttle alternately into the player’s left forehand corner and short and straight over the net. The player either hits a longline or crosscourt smash from his forehand corner and must come to the net after every smash in order to reach the opponent’s dropshot, which he also returns as a dropshot. The opponent can then return the shuttle deep into the player’s forehand corner.

Other related blogs

Badminton Serve

Badminton Clear (Baseline Shot)

Badminton Dropshot

Author: Charles Yin

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